What's The Difference Between Classical And Operant Conditioning?

Pavlov and his famous dogs are most commonly associated with classical conditioning, whereas Skinner's "Skinner box"—a chamber wherein an animal can be trained to commit certain actions—is a symbol for operant conditioning. Both types of conditioning are important in the school of behaviorism, which emphasizes the study of observable behaviors rather than "invisible" mental processes.

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Key Facts In This Video

  1. Ivan Pavlov discovered that animals are capable of associative learning, which is the linking of events, behaviors, or stimuli via conditioning. 01:59

  2. In one famous conditioning experiment, John B. Watson conditioned a small child ("Little Albert") to fear a white rat. 04:46

  3. Negative reinforcement is not the same as punishment. 08:33

Written by Curiosity Staff September 21, 2015