What's The Difference Between Classical And Operant Conditioning?

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Pavlov and his famous dogs are most commonly associated with classical conditioning, whereas Skinner's "Skinner box"—a chamber wherein an animal can be trained to commit certain actions—is a symbol for operant conditioning. Both types of conditioning are important in the school of behaviorism, which emphasizes the study of observable behaviors rather than "invisible" mental processes.

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Key Facts In This Video

  1. Ivan Pavlov discovered that animals are capable of associative learning, which is the linking of events, behaviors, or stimuli via conditioning. 01:59

  2. In one famous conditioning experiment, John B. Watson conditioned a small child ("Little Albert") to fear a white rat. 04:46

  3. Negative reinforcement is not the same as punishment. 08:33