Bread was preserved alongside bodies and buildings when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, killing the inhabitants of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and other areas. The bread probably had simple components and its dough may have been mixed by animal-powered machines. The recipe from the British Museum calls for 400g biga acida (sourdough), 12g yeast, 18g gluten, 24g salt, 532g water, 405g spelt flour, and 405g wholemeal flour.
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Key Facts In This Video
In 1930, archaeologists discovered a loaf of carbonized bread in an oven at Herculaneum from 79 AD. 00:12
To make bread easy to carry, Romans might have wrapped their loaves with string before baking them. 03:48
Slaves in Herculaneum stamped the bread they made with their own unique marks. 05:15
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