Amazing Planet

The Alien-like Socotra Archipelago

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Socotra is an archipelago of four islands off the coast of Yemen in the Indian Ocean. The largest island is also called Socotra, and makes up about 95% of the archipelago's landmass. The unique and numerous endemic plant and animal species make this island extremely alien-looking. On the archipelago, about 300 species are endemic, meaning they only live in one location.

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Key Facts In This Video

  1. A part of Yemen, the Socotra Archipelago has been called "the most alien place on Earth." 00:04

  2. Dracaena cinnabari is known as the dragon's blood tree because it oozes a dark red sap used in dye, cosmetics, and medicine. 01:11

  3. Because they are endemic, Socotra's species are particularly vulnerable to extinction. 02:36

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