The world's oldest known d20 sits in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and dates back to the Ptolemaic Period of Egypt, around 305 BC to 30 BC. Carved from serpentine, it displays Greek characters on its sides, including eta, theta, and epsilon. Today, these dice are most commonly associated with the roleplaying game "Dungeons & Dragons." No one yet knows in what context this ancient die was used!
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Key Facts In This Video
For thousands of years, dice were made from bones, teeth, horns, tusks, and sheep knuckles. 01:44
No one knows exactly how the ancient game of Senet was played, but historians have developed theories based on art and hieroglyphic texts. 04:18
Shoots and Ladders is based on the game Snakes and Ladders, which was played in India as early as the 2nd century BC. 07:39