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Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, was born on February 12, 1809.
Abraham Lincoln's legacy as a revolutionary president is a far cry from his humble Midwest beginnings. In 1809, he was born in a one-room cabin, and his family eventually settled in Illinois. Despite a time of rampant illness, financial duress and crude medicine, Lincoln became known for his physical strength and large stature and held several modest jobs before earning his law degree. Lincoln argued (and lost) before the Supreme Court of the United States, was the only U.S. president to hold a patent and became the first of four presidents assassinated by one of his own citizens. On April 14, 1865 Lincoln was shot through his signature stovepipe hat while attending a show at Ford's Theater. But through his tenacious presidency, he helped abolish slavery and succeeded in retaining a united country, efforts which changed the course of American history forever. Learn more about Lincoln's life here.