The Canonical Perspective Is Our Preferred Way Of Viewing Things—Even If It's Uncommon

Before you get any further into this article, grab a pencil and paper and draw a coffee cup. We're betting your beautiful sketch shows a cup drawn from the side with a thin, flattened oval on top to suggest a round cavity. Sound right? No, we're not mind readers—blame the canonical perspective for giving it away.

Related: The Stroop Effect Is A Window Into Perception

Draw Me Like One Of Your Coffee Cups

The canonical perspective is our preferred way of viewing an object. What that means is that there are specific, consistent ways people like to look at and picture objects. Think of the coffee cup from earlier. Most people wouldn't draw the cup from directly above—that's not how our brains like to think about coffee cups. Likewise, even though you probably see dogs and cats from directly above most often, when asked to draw one, you'd choose the canonical perspective every time.

Related: The Stopped Clock Illusion: Your Brain Edits What You See

Researchers Stephen Palmer, Eleanor Rosch, and Paul Chase studied these preferences while doing canonical perspective research in 1981. They found that for most things, humans have a magic viewing angle that's the most pleasing—a view from slightly above and at an approximately 45-degree angle from the front of the object. This goes for almost all objects, not just our friend the cup o' joe. You're possibly even constructing this angle in every selfie without even knowing it.

It's All About The Angle

Your canonical perspective probably isn't just a random, shared preference. As reported by Gizmodo, "the precisely angled perspective is preferred because it allows us to look at the largest variety of surfaces." In the case of the cup, you see the side, the inside, the lip, and the handle from this viewpoint. Basically, this angle gives us the most visual information about any given thing so we can identify it and better understand it.

Related: Why Cartoon Characters Wear Gloves

The study that made these conclusions was done in 1981, but instances of canonical perspective are still all around us, and they're often there to help. Take computer icons, for example. These pop up in the canonical perspective (the trash can icon looks pretty similar to your coffee cup drawing, right?) because they need to convey a lot of information in a tiny amount of space. Though this angle is certainly not how we experience most things we come in contact with, our brain sure likes it.

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Watch And Learn: Fascinating Content About Perspective

The Stopped Clock Illusion

Key Facts In This Video

  1. A saccade is the quick movement your eyeballs make when they look from one object to another. 00:29

  2. When you shift your eyes to another fixed point, your brain replaces the resulting blur of movement with an image of the point your eyes moved to. 01:04

  3. Every day, you lose approximately 40 minutes to saccadic masking. 02:22

Your Warped Perception of Time

Key Facts In This Video

  1. The rate at which time passes is constant, unless you're moving at a fraction of the speed of light. 00:14

  2. People tend to think that crescendoing sounds last longer than receding sounds. 01:23

  3. The superior temporal sulcus in the brain is involved in the perception of biological motion, and can inform you of threats before the fight-or-flight response kicks in. 02:08

3 Illusions That Exploit Your Visual System

Key Facts In This Video

  1. Our brains may perceive colors based on how they compare to surrounding colors. 00:34

  2. The flash lag illusion reveals that we're actually living ever so slightly in the past. 01:05

Written by Curiosity Staff April 27, 2017

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