Outer Space

The Boötes Void Is The Emptiest Place In The Universe

Excited for the August 21 eclipse? Visit our Eclipse 2017 page to explore the science, history, and myths of the event. The Curiosity team will be viewing the eclipse alongside NASA in Carbondale, Illinois. Follow us on Facebook for live videos, trivia, and interviews on the big day.

Astronomy often focuses on where things are—stars, galaxies, clusters—rather than where they aren't. However, sometimes emptiness can teach scientists just as much. A spherical region of space 250 million light years in diameter, the Boötes void (pronounced boo-OH-tees) is the emptiest area of space in the known universe. In all that space, the void contains only 60 galaxies. For comparison, as io9 points out, our own galaxy has around two dozen galactic neighbors in a space of only 3 million light years. Given that the average distance between galaxies everywhere else in the universe is a few million light years, an expanse the size of the Boötes void should contain around 10,000 galaxies. It contains only 0.6% of that number.

There are several theories for the void's existence. One is that galaxies have a tendency to gravitate toward each other, leaving areas of empty space behind. But because the universe hasn't been around long enough for this to create a space the size of the Boötes void, another theory takes an opposite approach: perhaps it's the voids, not the galaxies, that are coming together to create a larger void. Of course, no strange astronomical phenomenon would be complete without an alien theory. It could be that the void does contain galaxies, but the stars within them have been blanketed by a Dyson shell used to power a super-advanced civilization. Which theory is the most plausible? Watch the videos below to form your own opinions.

The Boötes Void Is A Giant Hole In The Universe

Hear why scientists think it exists.

Is The Boötes Void Evidence For Aliens?

Find out why some think the void isn't a void at all, but a super-advanced civilization.

10 Unanswered Questions About The Universe

What is dark matter? Why is the Boötes void so empty?

If you liked this you'll love our podcast! Check it out on iTunes, Stitcher, Google Play Music, SoundCloud, search 'curiosity' on your favorite podcast app or add the RSS Feed URL.

Advertisement