The Approximate Number System is How You Count Without Counting
There's a mechanism in your brain that lets you count without counting. It's called the approximate number system, and it's what lets you know that one line at the grocery store is longer than the other, or that your dining companion's plate has more fries on it than yours. In these scenarios, you don't actually count the number of people or french fries with words or symbols; you just estimate. This obviously gets harder as the differences get smaller. According to research, you need a 15% difference between two groups of objects in order to accurately distinguish which is larger -- that is, 12 versus 14, or 100 versus 115. This system is so innate that even infants can distinguish a difference between quantities, though it starts out much less accurate: six-month-olds need a 2:1 difference, for example. It does vary from person to person, however, and research has shown that how well you do on tests of the approximate number system correlates with how well you do in math class. You can test how your approximate number system stacks up by taking a free online test like the one on Panamath.org. We've collected some awesome videos on this topic. Watch them now to learn more.
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