Venus is hot. How hot is it? It's so hot it will melt your face off — and it'll destroy an unprotected spacecraft quickly, too. The average temperature is an oven-like 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius) at the surface, which is hot enough to melt lead. The shielded Soviet Venera landers that braved these conditions in the 1970s and 1980s typically lasted at most a few hours. But NASA — which loves exploring difficult places — still has several weird ideas to bring spacecraft to Venus. Some will float above the clouds, while others will roam the surface using simple parts.
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Crash Course Astronomy: Venus
Written by Elizabeth Howell May 24, 2018
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