"...by getting into a tip-of-the-tongue state on a particular word once, they actually learn to go into that incorrect state when they try to retrieve the same word again," assistant professor Karin Humphreys told the McMaster Daily News. The science suggests that the next time you have a word on the tip of your tongue, you shouldn't spend time trying to remember it. Instead, immediately look it up or ask someone. If you do get the word, Humphreys says, "you should actually say it to yourself...by laying down another procedural memory, you can help ameliorate the effects of the error." Learn more about the quirks of human memory in the videos below.
Recalling A Word On The Tip Of Your Tongue Helps Ensure You'll Forget It Next Time
Have you ever noticed that there are some words you can never remember? According to research out of McMaster University, it's not the words, but the struggle to remember that's to blame. Scientists gave 30 students definitions of words and asked the students to say whether they knew the word, didn't know the word, or it was on the tip of their tongue (what psychologists call a TOT, or tip-of-the-tongue state). If they were in a TOT, researchers randomly assigned them to spend either 10 or 30 seconds trying to remember the word before finally seeing what it was. Two days later, the students were tested on the same words again. Surprisingly, instead of more easily recalling the words they had been shown after their TOT state, those words tended to be on the tips of the students tongues just like they were before. This was even more likely for the students who had spent more time trying to recall them.
How Words Get Stuck On The Tip Of Your Tongue
Explore what's going on in your brain when this happens, and hear an opposing viewpoint on how to prevent it.
Key Facts In This Video
Presque vu, which means "almost seen", describes the instance in which you almost know a word but can't remember it completely. (0:25)
A tip-of-the-tongue state is when the meaning clusters light up, but the sound clusters don't activate completely. (2:29)
Having someone tell you the word you're struggling with does more harm than good. (2:57)
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Key Facts In This Video
The memory palace technique works well when you visualize a familiar space, such as your home. (0:43)
The brain remembers wacky or weird images more easily. (0:55)
People who can perform extraordinary feats of memory tend to rely on spatial memory more than the average person. (2:32)