Mentally Calculate The Day Of Any Date With The Doomsday Rule

When someone professes to have a photographic memory, the first thing many people ask them is to name the day of the week on which a random date landed. Often, they do it easily, and everyone around is sufficiently impressed with their memory. Unfortunately—or fortunately, for those without such a gift—naming the day of the week of a date doesn't require a photographic memory; just some quick mental arithmetic. Anyone can do it using the doomsday rule, a simple algorithm devised by mathematician John Horton Conway.

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Here's how it works: in any given year, a handful of dates land on the same day of the week. That day is what Conway calls the "doomsday." For 2015, the doomsday was Saturday; for 2016, it's Monday. (See the video below for more on how to calculate a year's doomsday). Some of those dates are easy to remember: 4/4, 6/6, 8/8, 10/10, and 12/12 all land on the doomsday. It takes an easy mnemonic device to recall some others: 5/9, 9/5, 7/11, and 11/7 can be remembered with the sentence "I work 9 to 5 at the 7-11." There are also a few one-off doomsday dates: March 14th (3/14 or Pi Day, for those who use the day-month format), the last day in February (regardless of leap year), and January 3rd or 4th, depending on if it's a leap year.

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Once you have those dates memorized, you can calculate the weekday of any other date via its proximity to a doomsday. For example, what weekday did Dame Judi Dench's birthday, December 9, land on in 2015? That year's doomsday was a Saturday, so we know that 12/12 landed on a Saturday. The 9th is three days before the 12th, so Judi Dench's 81st birthday landed on a Wednesday. Still confused? Watch the video below to clear it up.

Calculate A Date's Weekday With The Doomsday Rule

If the article above had you puzzled, this video should clear up any questions.

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Key Facts In This Video

  1. Simply typing a date into the website WolframAlpha can tell you which day of the week it falls/fell on. 00:08

  2. The doomsday rule states that certain days of the year will always fall on the same day. 00:50

The Origin Of The Modern Calendar

Without it, we wouldn't have the doomsday rule.

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Key Facts In This Video

  1. The ancient Egyptians used Sirius to predict the annual flooding of the Nile, allowing them to become one of the first civilizations to use a solar calendar rather than a lunar one. 00:34

  2. Julius Caesar started the more precise Julian Calendar in 45 B.C. 02:07

  3. The Mayan calendar consists of 18 months of 20 days each, with five extra days at the end of the year. 05:20

The Easiest Way To Calculate Pi

Mental arithmetic it ain't, but this is still a brilliant way to calculate pi to a large number of digits.

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Written by Curiosity Staff October 28, 2016