Though it sounds quite futuristic, the field of space archaeology has been around since the 1980s. Back then, however, satellite images were far less detailed. The last few years have heralded higher resolutions than ever, and the clarity has allowed space archaeologists such as Sarah Parcak, the winner of the 2016 TED Prize, to discover historic sites. Parcak has had a hand in locating 1,000 lost tombs, up to 17 pyramids, and thousands of settlements in Egypt. She's even mapped the lost Egyptian city of Tanis, which was a focal point of "Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark."