Named as one of the great seven wonders of the world, the Great Pyramids of Giza in ancient Egypt are both intensely researched and riddled with mystery. Although not the only pyramid-style structures to appear in history, the Egyptian monuments remain the world's most widely known set of pyramids. The Pyramid of Djoser, thought to be the first pyramid ever built, was constructed just outside the nation's capital of Memphis nearly 4,700 years ago as a grandiose burial sanctuary for pharaohs and other prominent Egyptian figures. The Great Pyramid of Giza, the most famous pyramid, stood as the world's tallest structure for more than 3,800 years. Inside, archeologists have discovered thousands of years worth of ancient artifacts that help researchers give modern society a glimpse of this amazing civilization. Pharaohs, religious figures and more were often mummified, encased in beautifully crafted tombs and sent into the next life surrounded by lavish gifts and personal relics of importance to the deceased.
But how were these gigantic formations possibly created without the use of cranes? Why did construction on the pyramids stop? Finally, after decades and more of in-depth research, scientists say they now have some answers. Dive deep into the mystery surrounding one of Earth's biggest human achievements.