Considering the brain is the most complex organ in the human body, the work of a neuroscientist seems never to be done. Researchers in the field are constantly testing the mind's limits, functions and abilities: from the stream of consciousness, to the underbelly of our unconsciousness—to studying what happens during sleep, after trauma and during stress. What are some of the biggest milestones achieved since attempting to unlock the brain's mysterious secrets? In the late 1870s and early 1900s, Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramon y Cajal were credited with discovering and providing nomenclature to the brain's structure as we know it today. The term "neuron" and the brain's structural and organizational composition was all diligently laid out by the pair, who later received a Nobel Prize in Physiology for their work. Paul Broca discovered the epicenter of language within the brain after examining a deceased, injured patient's brain, and Walter Cannon identified and coined the brain's "fight or flight" response system.
More recently, advancements in medical technology digital imaging platforms like computerized axial tomography (CAT scanning), positron emission tomography (PET scanning) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have helped doctors and researchers learn even more about the brain. As technology continues to evolve, the world of neuroscience will only expand and grow deeper. Learn more about the amazing things going on in your brain, and the science we use to see it all.