Yisrael Kristal, Once The World's Oldest Man, Had His Bar Mitzvah At Age 113
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In March 2016, a Polish-born Israeli man named Yisrael Kristal was declared by Guinness World Records as the oldest living man on Earth. Later that same year, Kristal finally got around to something that was put off for a whole century: his bar mitzvah. In November 2016, the 113-year-old man celebrated the Jewish coming-of-age ritual exactly 100 years late. Better (very, very) late than never, huh?
Vasili Arkhipov Prevented Nuclear War During The Cuban Missile Crisis
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Vasili Arkhipov is one of the unsung heroes of world history. Though you may have never heard of him, Arkhipov basically saved the world from mutually assured destruction in 1962. He single-handedly prevented the Cuban Missile Crisis from turning into the Cuban Missile, well, Apocalypse. Thanks, buddy!
After Nuclear War, There Could Be Nuclear Winter
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With the horrors that nuclear bombs have already wrought on our planet, it's hard to imagine that the worst thing to come from an all-out nuclear war wouldn't be the blasts themselves, but the effects in the weeks, months, and years afterward. But it's true: the blasts have the potential to kill millions instantly, but the after effects would slowly snuff out billions more. The most devastating consequence of a man-made apocalypse? Nuclear winter.
The Tuskegee Airmen: African American War Heroes
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During a time in America when Jim Crow laws were still in place in much of the country, the Tuskegee Airmen defeated all odds. Nearly 1,000 African American aviators successfully completed their training and entered the Army Air Corps before the end of segregation.It may not surprise you that African Americans faced racial discrimination in the military during the 1940s. Blacks were widely considered unfit to serve based on key military leaders' presumptions that African American men lacked the intelligence, courage and patriotism to serve their country. While the U.S. Constitution guaranteed "equal protection of the laws for all persons," segregation was in full swing and The Supreme Court still allowed the "separate, but equal" treatment of Jim Crow laws. Harry S. Truman didn't desegregate the military until 1948, and Rosa Parks wouldn't refuse to give up her seat to a white passenger for another seven years after that. In this social climate, it's amazing that these airmen were able to do what they did.
Razzle Dazzle Camouflage Made WWI Ships Psychedelic
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Imagine you're a sailor on a military ship during a world war. Armed enemies are closing in, and your ship is the target of their weaponry. Would you want to be in a ship that was painted with psychedelic swirls and designs in loud colors? For the U.S. military in WWI, the answer was yes. This is "razzle dazzle" camouflage, and boldly contrasting the ocean's waves was exactly the point.