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How Einstein's Brain Is Different Than Yours

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By any and all measures, Einstein was a genius. But what made him so different from any other person? Turns out his brain was wired in a very different way! Anthony takes a look inside to show you the ways in which Einstein's brain was both different and similar to yours. Read More: The corpus callosum of Albert Einstein's brain: another clue to his high intelligence? http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/09/24/brain.awt252 Anatomy of the Corpus Callosum Reveals Its Function http://www.jneurosci.org/content/28/7/1535.full "The corpus callosum (CC) comprises axons connecting the cortices of the two cerebral hemispheres and is the principal white matter fiber bundle in the brain." Einstein's Corpus Callosum Explains His Genius-Level Intellect http://guardianlv.com/2013/10/einsteins-corpus-callosum-explains-his-genius-level-intellect/ "Einstein was undoubtedly one of the most influential physicists of all time, advancing concepts in quantum physics and gaining enormous notoriety for his theory of relativity." THE CORPUS CALLOSUM AND STEREOPSIS http://hubel.med.harvard.edu/book/b34.htm "The corpus callosum, a huge band of myelinated fibers, connects the two cerebral hemispheres. Stereopsis is one mechanism for seeing depth and judging distance." Reduced Laterality as a Trait Marker of Schizophrenia-Evidence from Structural and Functional Neuroimaging http://www.jneurosci.org/content/30/6/2289.long "Laterality is a characteristic principle of the organization of the brain systems for language, and reduced hemispheric asymmetry has been considered a risk factor for schizophrenia." Decreased activation and increased lateralization in brain functioning for selective attention and response inhibition in adolescents with spina bifida. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22145814 "We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate functional activity in the brain of adolescents with spina bifida when performing selective attention and response inhibition tasks." Neuroplasticity: Changes in grey matter induced by training http://www.nature.com/index.html?file=/nature/journal/v427/n6972/full/427311a_fs.html "Does the structure of an adult human brain alter in response to environmental demands?" The musician's brain as a model of neuroplasticity http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12042882 "Studies of experience-driven neuroplasticity at the behavioural, ensemble, cellular and molecular levels have shown that the structure and significance of the eliciting stimulus can determine the neural changes that result." Training-induced neuroplasticity in young children http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19673782 "As the main interhemispheric fiber tract, the corpus callosum (CC) is of particular importance for musicians who simultaneously engage parts of both hemispheres to process and play music." Lateralization of Cerebral Functions http://mimh.edu/Portals/0/SampleChapterLateralizationofCerebralFunctions.pdf "The human brain is clearly divided into hemispheres by a deep longitudinal fissure. Although these hemispheres are similar from a gross anatomical point of view, research over the past century suggests that they have specialized functions." The More Hemispheric Lateralization, the Better Thinking Performance http://www.nimh.nih.gov/news/science-news/2013/the-more-hemispheric-lateralization-the-better-thinking-performance.shtml "By examining activity of the living human brain at rest via fMRI, NIMH intramural scientists have discovered a secret to how it enhances thinking ability." Brain halves interact differently with each other http://firstlook.pnas.org/brain-halves-interact-differently-with-each-other/ "...findings detailed this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveal another fundamental difference between the brain's halves - they interact with each other differently, with left-side regions biased to interact more strongly with the same hemisphere, while right-side areas interact more strongly with both hemispheres." Watch More: Reshape Your Brain: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8XwFahi-qf8 Test Tube Wild Card: http://testtube.com/dnews/dnews-462-cool-sound-waves?utm_campaign=DNWC&utm_medium=DNews&utm_source=YT The Right/Left Brain Myth: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yE6VTvxkhFs ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni on Twitter http://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez on Twitter http://twitter.com/trace501 DNews on Facebook http://facebook.com/dnews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com
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You can directly support Crash Course at http://www.subbable.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Also, if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing great content. In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, we get to meet the brain. Hank talks us through the Central Nervous System, the ancestral structures of the brain, the limbic system, and new structures of the brain. Plus, what does Phineas Gage have to do with all of this? -- Table of Contents: Basics of the CNS 2:15 Basics of the Brain 5:03 Ancestral Structures of the Brain 5:37 Limbic System 7:31 New Structures of the Brain 8:32 -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
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How fast do thoughts travel? Who's got the biggest brain in nature? How many neurons are you toting around? Just a few mind-blowing facts about your mind. This video is brought to you by PHDtv: http://www.phdcomics.com/tv (more videos!) Can't watch now? Read about it at http://www.phdcomics.com/tv/#028 Subscribe to our channel: http://youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=phdcomics See the original comic at: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=mind-in-pictures-your-brain-by-the-numbers by Dwayne Godwin, Jorge Cham, and Meg Rosenburg
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  • 1 0:55

    The very process of learning changes the structure and physiology of our brains.

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    By the time you're 3-years-old each neuron in your brain is connected to other neurons by up to 15,000 synapses.

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  • 3 3:19

    Memory is a key component for learning.

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Educators, follow @IntelEDU on Twitter and visit http://intel.com/rightdevice for exclusive lesson plans, classroom tech ideas and to learn more about advancing education worldwide. Hank explains the gift that your brain gives you every day: the gift of neural plasticity -- the ways in which your brain actually changes at the cellular level as you learn. ------------------------ Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com --------------------- Sources: http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/plast.html http://nichcy.org/schoolage/effective-practices/brain101#learning http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17024677 http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110203141837.htm http://sharpbrains.com/blog/2008/02/26/brain-plasticity-how-learning-changes-your-brain/
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  • 1 0:43

    In 1890, William James proposed the idea of neuroplasticity, or the concept that the brain is constantly changing and adapting.

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  • 2 1:51

    Using imagination can have an effect on the brain that mirrors what neurological changes might occur if the thing being imagined was actually being done.

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    Neuroplasticity can be useful when trying to break bad habits.

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Ever wonder how ballet dancers can spin and spin and spin, but never seem to get dizzy? Neuroplasticity, that's how! Anthony explains how it works, and how you can use your brain in the same way. Read More: Ballet dancers' brains adapt to stop them feeling dizzy http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/newsandeventspggrp/imperialcollege/newssummary/news_26-9-2013-17-43-4 "Scientists have discovered differences in the brain structure of ballet dancers that may help them avoid feeling dizzy when they perform pirouettes." The Neuroanatomical Correlates of Training-Related Perceptuo-Re?ex Uncoupling in Dancers http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/09/24/cercor.bht266 "Sensory input evokes low-order re?exes and higher-order perceptual responses." Changes in London taxi drivers' brains driven by acquiring 'the Knowledge', study shows http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/News/Media-office/Press-releases/2011/WTVM053658.htm "Acquiring 'the Knowledge' - the complex layout of central London's 25 000 streets and thousands of places of interest - causes structural changes in the brain and changes to memory in the capital's taxi drivers, new research funded by the Wellcome Trust has shown." Increased Cortical Thickness in Sports Experts: A Comparison of Diving Players with the Controls http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0017112 "Sports experts represent a population of people who have acquired expertise in sports training and competition." THE PLASTIC HUMAN BRAIN CORTEX http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144216?journalCode=neuro& "Plasticity is an intrinsic property of the human brain and represents evolution's invention to enable the nervous system to escape the restrictions of its own genome and thus adapt to environmental pressures, physiologic changes, and experiences." Strength increases from the motor program: comparison of training with maximal voluntary and imagined muscle contractions http://jn.physiology.org/content/67/5/1114.short "This study addressed potential neural mechanisms of the strength increase that occur before muscle hypertrophy. In particular we examined whether such strength increases may result from training-induced changes in voluntary motor programs." Modulation of muscle responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation during the acquisition of new fine motor skills http://jn.physiology.org/content/74/3/1037.short "We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to study the role of plastic changes of the human motor system in the acquisition of new fine motor skills." Cache Cab: Taxi Drivers' Brains Grow to Navigate London's Streets http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=london-taxi-memory "Manhattan's midtown streets are arranged in a user-friendly grid. In Paris 20 administrative districts, or arrondissements, form a clockwise spiral around the Seine." The Brain: How The Brain Rewires Itself http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1580438-1,00.html "It was a fairly modest experiment, as these things go, with volunteers trooping into the lab at Harvard Medical School to learn and practice a little five-finger piano exercise." Do Musicians Have Different Brains? http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/eyes-the-brain/201006/do-musicians-have-different-brains "In the last twenty years, brain imaging studies have revealed that musical training has dramatic effects on the brain. Increases in gray matter (size and number of nerve cells) are seen, for example, in the auditory, motor, and visual spatial areas of the cerebral cortex of musicians." Cocaine Use Leads to Rapid Growth of New Mouse Brain Structures http://www.ucsf.edu/news/2013/08/108326/gallo-center-study-mice-links-cocaine-use-new-brain-structures "Mice given cocaine showed rapid growth in new brain structures associated with learning and memory, according to a research team from the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at UC San Francisco." Musicians' Brains Highly Developed http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110505083421.htm "New research shows that musicians' brains are highly developed in a way that makes the musicians alert, interested in learning, disposed to see the whole picture, calm, and playful." Watch More: How Much Brain Power Do We Use? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDF2rjFd8hY Do Brain Games Work? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0ArI4EuniE Memory Malleability: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yMn8Es5cPCE ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni on Twitter http://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 Tra
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It has been revealed that Einstein literally had an unusual brain. Are certain parts of Albert Einstein's brain the reason for his legendary level of genius? Analysis of photos taken after his death show that some parts of Einstein's brain had distinguishing features that scientists think might have contributed to his intellect. 14 recently discovered pictures of Einstein's brain were analyzed using modern imaging techniques and compared to 85 different human brains from past studies. Anthropologist Dean Falk from Florida State University in Tallahassee said that the results of the analysis show "the complexity and pattern of convolutions on certain parts of Einstein's cerebral cortex." His brain's convolutions may have given the prefrontal cortex a larger than normal surface area, which might have led to his genius. The analysis also showed that the part of Einstein's brain that was connected to his left hand is expanded, which may have influenced his abilities as a violinist. A 1985 study discovered that two parts of Einstein's brain had a lot of non-neuronal cells, called glial. When Albert Einstein died in 1955, his family gave scientists permission to remove his brain and study it.