Land of dragons is a full documentary that shows us the Komodo dragon, one of the animals most feared by man who lives in the jungle of indonesia.
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02:15 During the glaciations of the Pleistocene era, the polar icecaps increased in size, and the level of the sea fell. Some islands, now known as Indonesia, remained isolated while others became joined to the continent. Java was one of these. Once the glaciation was over, the sea returned to its original level, and Java once more became an island, cut off from mainland Asia.
08:25 Isolation gave rise to many endemic species, and incredible biological diversity. In some cases, the species are exclusive to the archipelago, or may be even be restricted to a single island. This is the case of the second largest bovine in the world, the banteng. This is the case of the second largest bovine in the world, the banteng. Unlike man, few predators would even attempt to fell a prey of this size. Their main enemy lies hidden in the depths of the jungle, where it is virtually invisible.
It is the largest predator on the island, an animal feared and venerated by man since ancient times, the tiger.
11:36 It was precisely on this island, Java, that the first explorers found one of the most mysterious animals of the archipelago. The Javan rhinoceros is one of the rarest mammals on earth.
16:05 In the coral reef coexist many species. The marine fauna and flora have here found conditions favourable to life. The clown fish, for example, does not rub against a plant, but rather an anemone, an animal of the polyp family.
20:56 Beyond the coral reef, lie the open waters of the ocean, one of the environments most feared by man since ancient times. The seabed is lost in the dark depths, and all that can be seen is the so-called Great Blue, the immensity of the ocean. This is a world almost without colour, dominated by the great sea predators, the territory of the most feared ocean animal, the shark.
23:03 The fiddler crab is another species that live in the archipelago. It’s name comes from it’s enormous claws, almost equal in size as the rest of its body. This outsized claw serves two basic functions: to mark his territory, and attract the females.
24:21 The male can only use one of his claws. The other is so big that it is useless for collecting mud. The females don’t have this problem.
27:30 The mudskipper is one of the few species of fish in the world capable of living out of the water.
28:01 Courtship also takes place on land. The male shows off his dorsal fin to the females.
31:32 The Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard in the world. It can measure 3 metres in length, and weigh 70 kilos. It’s sight and hearing are not very well-developed. To hunt, it relies on smell.
34:17 Such is the voracity of these animals that the adults do not hesitate to attack the young of the species. To avoid being detected, these cover themselves in faeces to disguise their natural smell, and climb up into the trees, where they will remain until the predator has moved off.
35:44 The inhabitants of Komodo leave the dead bodies of their cattle for the great predator, as payment for the use of the meadows.
The more deaths there are, the less likely it is the reptiles will collect the debt by attacking the live cattle.
39: 47 Man has lived alongside the giant lizards since time immemorial. Over generations, children and adults who strayed from the settlements have disappeared in the jungle, leaving no trace.
40:17 Today, about 2,500 people live on Komodo and Rinca, two of the four islands on which dragons are still extant.
47: 49 Competition between the dragons and man has brought them to the verge of extinction. Just four years after they were discovered, they were already a protected species but, despite this, numbers continue to fall. It was only 31 years later, in 1936, that the government understood that protecting them would be useless if they didn’t also conserve their natural habitat. The islands on which they still lived were declared sanctuaries and their ecosystems protected.
49:20 The archipelago is, at one and the same time, myth and reality, the place where science and fantasy meet. The movement of the continental plates created it. The glaciations and the sea gave it life, and evolution and isolation have converted it into a legend.
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