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What We Can Learn From Our Genes

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Playlist Description

When we look closely, what are our genes trying to tell us? Nearly 25 years ago, an international group of scientists started The Human Genome Project. It was an ambitious, multibillion-dollar project that sought to map the whole of the human genome—a huge leap forward in understanding our genetics, the roots of genetic diseases, and how best to treat them. By 2001, scientists had a rough draft of the human genome, and in 2003 the project was declared complete.

The effectiveness of the project has been questioned, but one thing is for sure: The last three decades have seen unprecedented leaps forward in science’s knowledge about genes, what they can tell us about how and why our bodies work in certain ways, and how we can use that knowledge to help people. This playlist takes a look at what we can learn from our genes, from simple information like blood types and genetic conditions, to leading edge gene therapy solutions.

02:23
Visit http://www.genographic.com to learn more about the Genographic Project. Where did your ancestors come from? What's your genetic lineage? The Genographic Project is answering these questions and more. And in doing so, it is solving the riddle of who we are and how we're all related.
01:00
DNA paternity testing can be done as early as 13 weeks into a pregnancy by taking a blood sample from the mother, the potential father and the fetus. Learn how DNA testing is 99.999 percent accurate with information from a psychologist and counselor in this free video on paternity testing. Expert: Reka Morvay Contact: www.rekamorvay.com Bio: Reka Morvay is a psychologist and doula with degrees from University of California, Berkeley and Cornell University. She also trained with the Hungarian Association of Cognitive and Behavior Therapy. Filmmaker: Paul Volniansky
04:38
http://www.howdini.com/howdini-video-7073436.html How to understand prenatal testing and genetic screening Every pregnant woman getting proper medical care will undergo certain prenatal tests, but some testing is a matter of choice, not necessity. Obstetrician and author Dr. Keith Eddleman explains prenatal testing and genetic screening. Keywords: prenatal test prenatal testing prenatal screening prenatal genetic screening
14:23
Paul Andersen explains aspects of genetics that were not covered by Gregor Mendel. He begins with the following topics; incomplete dominance, codominance, epistasis, multiple alleles, and multiple genes. He then explains how linked genes were discovered by Thomas Hunt Morgan and Alfred Sturtevant. He also discusses sex-linked traits. Intro Music Atribution Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License
02:56
Stanford researchers learn how a person's genes affect their response to drugs. Stanford University: http://www.stanford.edu/ Stanford Medicine: http://medicine.stanford.edu The Stanford Challenge: http://stanfordchallenge.stanford.edu/ Stanford University Channel on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/stanford
22:46
(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv) Alysson Muotri, Assistant Professor at UC San Diego, focuses on human brain development and evolution, exploring mobile elements as generators of neuronal diversity. He is also interested in modeling neurological diseases using human induced pluripotent stem cells. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 21983]
03:05
Quick Questions explains why, when it comes right down to it, there are really only eight kinds of people in the world. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2261/ http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/landsteiner/readmore.html http://anthro.palomar.edu/blood/Rh_system.htm http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002223.htm http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/101/motm.do?momID=21 http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/inheritance/blood/ http://www.northshore.org/community-events/donating-blood/blood-types/ http://www.redcrossblood.org/learn-about-blood/blood-types
02:28
Scientists have promised that gene therapy will be the next big leap for medicine. It's a term that's tossed about regularly, but what is it exactly? Trace shows us how scientists can change your very genetic code. Read More: How does gene therapy work? http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/therapy/procedures "Gene therapy is designed to introduce genetic material into cells to compensate for abnormal genes or to make a beneficial protein. If a mutated gene causes a necessary protein to be faulty or missing, gene therapy may be able to introduce a normal copy of the gene to restore the function of the protein." Gene therapy trial 'cures children' http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-23269778 "A disease which robs children of the ability to walk and talk has been cured by pioneering gene therapy to correct errors in their DNA, say doctors." Gene therapy cures diabetic dogs http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23163-gene-therapy-cures-diabetic-dogs.html "Five diabetic beagles no longer needed insulin injections after being given two extra genes, with two of them still alive more than four years later." Gene Therapy for Cancer: Questions and Answers http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Therapy/gene "Gene therapy is an experimental treatment that involves introducing genetic material into a person's cells to fight or prevent disease." How does gene therapy work? http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=experts-gene-therapy "Gene therapy is the addition of new genes to a patient's cells to replace missing or malfunctioning genes. Researchers typically do this using a virus to carry the genetic cargo into cells, because that's what viruses evolved to do with their own genetic material." Gene therapy cures leukaemia in eight days http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21729104.100-gene-therapy-cures-leukaemia-in- eight-days.html WITHIN just eight days of starting a novel gene therapy, David Aponte's "incurable" leukaemia had vanished. For four other patients, the same happened within eight weeks, although one later died from a blood clot unrelated to the treatment, and another after relapsing. Cell Therapy Shows Promise for Acute Type of Leukemia http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/21/health/altered-t-cell-therapy-shows-promise-for-acute-leukemia.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 "A treatment that genetically alters a patient's own immune cells to fight cancer has, for the first time, produced remissions in adults with an acute leukemia that is usually lethal, researchers are reporting." Watch More: Tricking the Immune System http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kr_HRlGuGB8 Babies with 3 Parents?! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQxsW_H5qr4 Pick Your Poison: Cyanide http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JDBrdEF5UcE&feature=c4-overview-vl&list=PLy_MdHDhCQ6mljhWJq8k0oam2nrQBojWY ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni on Twitter http://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez on Twitter http://twitter.com/trace501 DNews on Facebook http://facebook.com/dnews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com
02:02
The rise in obesity in many modern societies is largely a result of environmental influences, yet genetic factors can make people more susceptible to weight gain. Scientists are uncovering the genetic markers that contribute to obesity so they can better understand the disease.