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Understanding and Identifying Mental Illness

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If you live in the U.S., you might be one of five adults who have been diagnosed with a mental disorder. If you've ever felt sad, lonely, anxious or helpless for no reason, you may be one of the 20 percent of people worldwide who experience mental illness. Marked by extended periods of emotional instability, difficulty maintaining relationships, unprovoked sadness, fear or paranoia and a multitude of other symptoms, mental disorders plague individuals in a variety of ways. These types of illnesses are more globally prevalent than heart disease and cancer, and are the leading cause of disability in the U.S. and Canada. When left untreated, some turn to alternative options to treat their pain. According to the World Health Organization, more than one million people a year die from suicide. That's one person every 40 seconds—with those numbers expected to jump to one suicide every 20 seconds by 2020. While mental illness can rear its ugly head in many tragic outcomes, there is always hope.

Millions of people see mental health professionals, use medication, and actively work to recover from mental illness everyday. But does everyone who is mentally ill have access to these treatment options? What do you do if you or a friend is struggling with a mental disorder? This playlist helps you identify the signs and symptoms of common and treatable mental illnesses. And keep in mind the old adage: It's always darkest before the dawn.

What's going on inside of a depressed person? Watch 'Do Dogs Get Depressed?': Get Your FREE Audiobook: SUBSCRIBE: ---Links to follow us below--- Instagram and Twitter: @whalewatchmeplz and @mitchellmoffit Clickable: and Facebook: Twitter: Tumblr: Vine: Search "AsapSCIENCE" on vine! Written and created by Mitchell Moffit (twitter @mitchellmoffit) and Gregory Brown (twitter @whalewatchmeplz). Depression Resources: Further reading--- Depression review: Cell Communication: Role of serotonin: Teen insomnia linked with depression, anxiety Physical fitness can help prevent young adolescents' depression, study finds
Watch more Mental Health videos: Mental illness doesn’t mean that your friend is "crazy," but it does mean that they need treatment. Here’s how to spot the warning signs. Warning Even if you see symptoms in your friend, only a medical professional can actually diagnose them. Step 1: Consider their mood Observe if your friend experiences extreme mood swings without anything provoking them, or if they have persistent feelings of sadness over time. These can be signs of mood disorders, with bipolar disorder and depression being the most common. Tip Keep in mind that some symptoms can be temporary reactions to stress or grief – not signs of mental illness. Step 2: Consider their temperament Observe their levels of anxiety. If they have a persistent inability to relax or sleep, lack concentration, are easily agitated, and have muscle tensions or a rapid heartbeat over a period of at least six months, those may be signs of an anxiety disorder. Step 3: Observe their awareness Ask yourself if your friend hears or sees things that are not real, or experiences delusions. Psychotic disorders involve a distorted way of thinking and awareness. Step 4: Consider their social behavior Ask yourself if your friend has exhibited any erratic, unusual, or inappropriate behavior in work, school, or social relationships, seems disinhibited in front of others, or is anxious and afraid around others. These can be symptoms of a number of personality disorders. Step 5: Consider compulsions Ask yourself if your friend has been performing compulsive, ritualistic behavior or unnecessarily repetitive actions, like constant hand-washing or checking things repeatedly. Step 6: Observe signs of self-injury Check to see if your friend exhibits evidence of self-harm or self-inflicted wounds, like cutting or scratching. Also, notice if your friend has become extremely thin or has expressed excessive negative attitudes and emotions about weight or food. Eating disorders, like anorexia nervosa and bulimia are classified as mental illnesses. Step 7: Consider substance abuse Ask yourself if your friend has any indications of drug or alcohol abuse. Step 8: Talk to them If your friend has exhibited any of these symptoms continually or several months, it may indicate they have a mental illness. Talk them in a supportive way and suggest they see a qualified physician or counselor for advice or help. Did You Know? A Stanford University study found that graduate students in creative disciplines shared more personality traits with a set of bipolar patients than with a group of their healthy – but non-creative – peers.
Subscribe to Talk Nerdy To Me Today: Watch More Talk Nerdy to Me Here: Every Thursday we are posting some of Cara's first TNTM episodes. Enjoy Throwback Thursdays from TNTM! Huffington Post Science Correspondent Cara Santa Maria discusses the definition of mental illness and the clinical process for diagnosis. HuffPost Science invites you to going the discussion with top scientists covering the latest news in spaceflight, brain/body research, evolution, and the influence of science on culture. HuffPost Science video property is a part of the AOL On Network. Leave us a comment on any Aol video with your thoughts, feedback, and perspective! More Talk Nerdy To Me Read: Follow: Like: More HuffPost Science Read: Like: Follow:
10 lesser known and highly unusual mental disorders. Where else to find All Time 10s... Facebook: Twitter: Check out a selection of video's highlighting some Alltime10's favourite and interesting people.. @
Watch more How to Understand Schizophrenia videos: Learn about the mental illnesses that are often confused with schizophrenia from psychiatrist Jeanie Tse in this Howcast video. Hi. I'm Jeanie Tse. I'm here to speak with you about mental illnesses that are often confused with schizophrenia. There are many different illnesses that can cause what we call psychotic symptoms. Those include delusions, feeling paranoid, that people are out to hurt you, or feeling grandiose, feeling that you are maybe more important then you are, that there's a mission to accomplish, or so forth, and hallucinations, where you hear or see things that people don't hear or see. Those things also occur in bipolar disorder and in major depression as well. And maybe it's a bit artificial how we've divvied this up in psychiatry and in the diagnostic and statistical manual. But, basically, if you have primarily depressive moods, even if you hear voices as part of them or even if you feel paranoid as part of them, if it's a depression that comes and then goes, then that's actually depression, not schizophrenia. If you have a depressed and a manic picture, where sometimes you have increased energy and don't sleep and are a bit reckless with your activity, and have voices and paranoia, then you may have bipolar disorder instead. The thing that makes schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder different than bipolar disorder or depression is actually that you have these delusions or hallucinations in the absence of any mood symptoms. Those things are often confused. Sometimes, people will have one psychotic episode, comes out of the blue. They hear voices. They feel paranoid. And then it goes away. That's not schizophrenia. Just because you've had one brief psychotic episode does not mean that you're going to have schizophrenia and that this is going to be with you for the rest of your lift. In fact, what we also require to make the diagnosis is a gradual decline in functioning that occurs over a longer period of time. In addition, there's been a lot of confusion because the name schizophrenia in Greek means split mind, that split personalities are involved in schizophrenia. In fact, that's totally not true. What we think about when we talk about split personalities, having a few different identities is actually called dissociative identity disorder, and it's also actually a fairly controversial diagnosis. Sometimes, people confuse autism and schizophrenia as well. Autism is a developmental disorder where people have more difficulty with social skills and social awareness. And that can look a lot like schizophrenia. Some people with autism also have schizophrenia, but people with autism do not generally have all of the paranoia and hallucinations that someone with schizophrenia has. When we are trying to determine if somebody has schizophrenia, we also need to rule out whether the psychotic symptoms, or the decline that we're seeing, are due to a mental illness only, or if they're actually due to a substance that the person is using. Things like amphetamines or LSD, phencyclidine which is angel dust, PCP, or sometimes even marijuana can mimic the symptoms of schizophrenia. So, we have to rule that out. And then, many medical conditions, especially ones that affect the brain, like lupus or Parkinson's disease or dementia, can look schizophrenia as well. So, we have to rule that out before we can make the diagnosis.
Watch more How to Understand Child Psychology videos: Learn about generalized anxiety disorder and how it is treated in children from Dr. Kimberly Williams in this Howcast video. Generalized anxiety disorder, or GAD, is one of the most common types of anxiety disorders and affects a large amount of the population. General anxiety disorder is common, constant and frequent worry about a wide variety of things that happen in day-to-day life. The worries or the anxieties are often irrational. For children with anxiety disorders, also the most common disorder in childhood. Children with anxiety disorder often are seen as worriers that are perfectionistic, afraid to try and do new things. They often ask a lot of questions that start, "What if," or "What happens when." Children don't often respond to the reassurance of their parent. When this occurs, there needs to be clinical intervention. General anxiety disorder is easily treated through medications and behavioral interventions. Although there are many other features to distinguish GAD, this is a brief overview of generalized anxiety disorder and how it might affect your child.
Learn what obsessive compulsive disorder is in this anxiety disorders video from Howcast. Expert: Ankur Saraiya, MD, Swallowed In The Sea by KellyB. / Flickr Thanks for watching Anxiety Disorders: What Is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?! If you enjoyed this video, subscribe to the Howcast YouTube channel! Check out Howcast for other do-it-yourself videos from howcast and more videos in the Howto category. You can contribute too! Create your own DIY guide (at ), learn about producing Howcast spots with the Howcast Filmmaker Program (at ), or showcase your expertise in a Howcast video series (at ).
Watch more Mood and Personality Disorders videos: Learn how to get help for dealing with depression and anxiety from psychiatrist Ankur Saraiya in this Howcast video. So depression and anxiety are two of the most common experiences that people have and two of the most common reasons that people come into treatment. And yet, despite this, I think that too many people suffer from symptoms of depression and anxiety without considering coming to treatment. Because they are afraid that a means that they are crazy or means that they are going to have to take medications. The important thing to understand is that there is many approaches to helping manage depression and anxiety. And one of the most important things is figuring out what the causes are. There can be issues related to medical illness, issues related to nutrition, issues related to somebody's behavior pattern that can lead to problems with depression and or anxiety. And it is important to understand that medications are not the only option although for many people they can be a good option, they are the only option that is out there for helping people manage symptoms of depression and anxiety. And the most important thing is to be evaluated by somebody who knows how to manage these symptoms, in other words the psyche address, to figure out what the options are and it is important to know that getting an evaluation is not the same as a decision to start a particular treatment. You can get under evaluation, in that way you know what your options are before and then having to decide what you are going to do about it. The other interesting thing about depression and anxiety is that they often coexist. For some people when they experience stress, it manifests in symptoms of mainly in anxiety. And for other people when they have stress, it manifests mainly in various kinds of depression. But the source is the same and as it results, some of the treatments that we have for depression and anxiety do overlap. If you are even considering that there may be something out there, it is important to get under evaluation of the psychiatrist and to go through the various options. And be sure to find a psychiatrist who is comfortable not only prescribing medication but also talking about other ways to manage depression and anxiety including psychotherapy and other physical and behavioral modifications.
Watch more Mood and Personality Disorders videos: Learn about borderline personality disorder from psychiatrist Ankur Saraiya in this Howcast video. Borderline personality disorder is one of ten personality disorders, and it's probably the most well known amongst the psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. And that's because individuals with borderline personality disorder due tend to engage in very intense relationships. Including their treatment relationships. Part of the reasons for this are they don't have a strong sense of identity, and they tend to have a fear of abandonment. They also have a very hard time of conceptualizing positive and negative traits at the same time. And all of these things lead to problems in their relationships. And especially the fear of abandonment leads individuals with borderline personality disorder to engage in behaviors to try and avoid these kinds of abandonment's. And sometimes these will be self injurious behaviors, or suicide attempts. And in other contexts individuals with borderline personality disorders will also cut themselves. And the cutting is not necessarily related to thoughts of suicide but actually more related to the fact that they don't have a close connection to their sense of identity. And their not very closely connected to their own bodies, so they'll tend to cut themselves to feel the pain, to see the blood, and to form a connection, and to know their actually existing in their bodies. It can be very confusing to people who don't have that same internal experience. But often it's useful for people with borderline personality disorders to understand that their not the only ones that feel this way. There are group of people who have this internal life, where they have these impulses and these fears, and the inability to experience good and bad at the same time. And that it's a consistent group of symptoms that we do see manifest in different individuals. The treatment for borderline personality disorder can be controversial, but certainly focuses on psychotherapy. To help them a: manage their impulsive behaviors, and certainly their self injurious behaviors. And b: to help them learn about their fears and their internal experiences, to help them manage their relationships better. And that's a basic overview of borderline personality disorder.
Watch more Mood and Personality Disorders videos: Learn what schizoid personality disorder is from psychiatrist Ankur Saraiya in this Howcast video. So Schizoid Personality Disorder is one of ten personality disorders that are identified in the DSM, which is the manual that psychiatrists use to diagnose all mental illnesses, including personality disorders. The main feature of Schizoid Personality Disorder is that these individuals don't have any desire to engage in any kind of relationships. They'll prefer solitary activities, they won't seek out any relationships, including their family relationships, and certainly they will not be actively seeking out romantic relationships. Their most preferred way of existing is completely on their own and engaging in solitary activities. At times, you might come across someone who has this disorder, but you probably won't notice it, because the interaction will be minimal, and it won't be very memorable. So, individuals with Schizoid Personality Disorder are not hermits, because hermits will tend to actively separate themselves from society. Individuals with Schizoid Personality Disorder won't seek out social interaction, but they also won't be specifically shunning interaction with other people, either, which is to say, they will choose activities that are solitary without actively seeking to isolate themselves from other people, but the sum total of having Schizoid Personality Disorder is that they do tend to live very solitary, isolated lives and will generally not have very many, if any, relationships in their lives. So, these individuals don't generally come to treatment, because they don't have any problem with the way that they're living, and, like with many of the personality disorders, there's some controversy as to whether this is a disorder, given that the individual doesn't generally have any experience of their symptoms as a disorder, and they generally aren't causing problems for other people as well. So, these kind of illnesses, Schizoid Personality Disorder and some of the other personality disorders, are a source of some controversy, but the main aspect of is it that these individuals do not seek out or need any social interaction.
We've seen it on TV for years, but only now is hoarding being recognized as a real disorder. Anthony looks at what this could mean for the estimated 15 million (!) hoarders across the United States. Read More: The Scientific Reason You Won't Throw Your Stuff Away "Emerging research on hoarding classifies it as its own distinctive disorder, separate from OCD." Why Do You Hoard? "Most of us have a friend, a relative, or a neighbor who seems to pack his or her home with unnecessary stuff. Researchers are just beginning to understand why." Brain Scans of Hoarders Reveal Why They Never De-Clutter "Jill, a 60-year-old woman in Milwaukee, has overcome extreme poverty." Brain Hubs Boil When Hoarders Face Pitching Their Own Stuff "In patients with hoarding disorder, parts of a decision-making brain circuit under-activated when dealing with others' possessions, but over-activated when deciding whether to keep or discard their own things, a National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)-funded study has found. NIMH is part of the National Institutes of Health." Neural Mechanisms of Decision Making in Hoarding Disorder "Hoarding disorder (HD), previously considered a subtype of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), has been proposed as a unique diagnostic entity in DSM-5." The Newest Edition of Psychiatry's "Bible," the DSM-5, Is Complete "The APA has finished revising the DSM and will publish the manual's fifth edition in May 2013. Here's what to expect." Course and Causes of Hoarding ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More Subscribe DNews Twitter Anthony Carboni Twitter Laci Green Twitter Trace Dominguez Twitter DNews Facebook DNews Google+ DNews Website
Watch more Mood and Personality Disorders videos: Learn what a personality disorder is from psychiatrist Ankur Saraiya in this Howcast video. What is a Personality Disorder: The first thing to understand is that personality disorders are grouped as a group of diagnoses to separate them from what we call Primary or Access 1 disorders. In the DSM, which is the manual that psychiatrists use to make diagnoses, they came up with a system of 5 Axis. Axis 1 through 5 and Axis 1 are illnesses like depression, like schizophrenia and things like that, and then you have your Axis 2 diagnoses and mostly these are personality disorders. The other important thing to understand is that these disorders were not designed to label people or to categorize people, but to help to understand why people come in for treatment and why people develop certain symptoms and have distress. It's important to remember that we came first and the diagnostic manual came second so the personality disorders are a group of disorders used to help understand where people have certain personality styles and traits that end up leading to symptoms. The definition of a personality disorder is a comprehensive set of behaviors and thoughts and actions that lead to repeated episodes of distress or problems mostly in relating to other people. The personality disorders are present across the different aspects of a person's life and they've been constant and stable starting from at least early adulthood, and they manifest in repeated experiences based on the way the individual perceives and experiences and, therefore, responds to the world. Often time the individual is not aware that they have these patterns of behavior but they end up coming to treatment when, as a result of these personality problems, they end up getting into situations that lead to problems in relationships, problems in advancing in their career that lead to frustration and can develop into symptoms of depression. So again, a personality disorder is a way of understanding a pattern of behavior and functioning in a person that leads to repeated episodes of distress.