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Can Artificial Intelligence and Humanity Coexist?

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At the turn of the century, it's likely few, if any, could anticipate the many ways artificial intelligence would later affect our lives. In 1977, the world was introduced to "Star Wars." The action-packed space adventure wooed audiences with groundbreaking visual graphics and special effects. And while no one expected to be defending anyone's honor in space via lightsabers anytime soon, the prevalent coexistence of humans and machines seen throughout the movie may not be that farfetched. In fact, movies like "Star Wars" were way ahead of their time when they imagined robots communicating, cooperating and participating in human life. Take Emotional Robot with Intelligent Network, or ERWIN, for example. He's designed to mimic human emotions like sadness and happiness in order to help researchers understand how empathy affects human-robot connections. When ERWIN works with Keepon—a robot who looks eerily similar to a real person—scientists gather data on how emotional responses and body language can foster meaningful relationships in an inevitably droid-filled society. Increasingly, robots are integrating into our lives as laborers, therapeutic and medical tools, assistants and more.

According to experts, robots will be commonplace by 2030. Will robots replace people in the labor industry? Is it possible for artificial intelligence to evolve beyond our expectations, and potentially out of control? Is the technology we see in movies unrealistic, or right around the corner? This playlist has everything you need and more to begin preparing for a robot takeover—or possibly your new best friend.

02:00
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"The daily grinding of evolution, as accelerated by technology, churns out more and more complex organisms, with higher rates of energy use, and with increasing specialization. Minds are the ideal way to express complexity, energy density, increasing specialization, expanding diversity -- all in one system. Mindedness is what evolution produces. Mindedness is what technology wants, too." -Kevin Kelly Join Jason Silva every week as he freestyles his way into the complex systems of society, technology and human existence and discusses the truth and beauty of science in a form of existential jazz. New episodes every Tuesday. Watch More Shots of Awe on TestTube http://testtube.com/shotsofawe Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=shotsofawe Jason Silva on Twitter http://twitter.com/jasonsilva Jason Silva on Facebook http://facebook.com/jasonlsilva Jason Silva on Google+ http://plus.google.com/102906645951658302785
03:51
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In the movie "Her," a man falls in love with his digital assistant, which raises the question: are we close to having a supercomputer that can recreate functions of the human brain? Anthony draws out the history of artificial intelligence, discusses some recent supercomputer achievements, and shares his hopes for an "almost human" AI in our lifetime. Read More: Supercomputer Takes 40 Minutes To Create Super-Detailed Model of 1 Second of Brain Activity http://www.popsci.com/article/science/supercomputer-takes-40-minutes-create-super-detailed-model-1-second-brain-activity "The human brain won't be surpassed by computers any time soon." Supercomputing Director Bets $2,000 That We Won't Have Exascale Computing by 2020 http://www.extremetech.com/computing/155941-supercomputing-director-bets-2000-that-we-wont-have-exascale-computing-by-2020 "Over the past year, we've covered a number of challenges facing the supercomputing industry in its efforts to hit exascale compute levels by the end of the decade." THE HUMAN BRAIN PROJECT https://www.humanbrainproject.eu/ K COMPUTER http://www.aics.riken.jp/en/kcomputer/ Largest neuronal network simulation achieved using K computer http://www.riken.jp/en/pr/press/2013/20130802_1/ "The simulation was made possible by the development of advanced novel data structures for the simulation software NEST." Toward a spiking neuron-level model of the early saccade visuomotor system http://www.kobe.riken.jp/stpr1-life/en/newsletter/Vol.6/report03.html "Macroscopic visuomotor behaviour depends on high level interaction among system-scale structures in the brain." ELIZA A Computer Program For the Study of Natural Language Communication Between Man And Machine http://www.princeton.edu/~hos/h598/weizenbaum.pdf "ELIZA is a program operating within the MAC time-sharing system at MIT which makes certain kinds of natural language conversation between man and computer possible. Input sen-tences are analyzed on the basis of decomposition rules which are triggered by key words appearing in the input text." Exascale Computing http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exascale_computing "Exascale computing refers to computing systems capable of at least one exaFLOPS." Technological Singularity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technological_singularity "The technological singularity, or simply the singularity, is a hypothetical moment in time when artificial intelligence will have progressed to the point of a greater-than-human intelligence, radically changing civilization, and perhaps human nature." Why We're A Long Way From Computers That Really Work Like The Human Brain http://qz.com/114699/why-were-a-long-way-from-computers-that-really-work-like-the-human-brain/ "IBM was in the news last week when it announced it had created 'an entire computing architecture based on the brain' (at least, that's how Gizmodo summed it up)." Why Do We Anthropomorphize? http://psychcentral.com/news/2010/03/01/why-do-we-anthropomorphize/11766.html "Giving human characteristics to animals, inanimate objects or natural phenomena is a human trait called 'to anthropomorphize.'" 'She Feels as Real as My Real Girlfriend': Love Plus Captures Hearts in Japan http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/sex/8940765/She-Feels-as-Real-as-My-Real-Girlfriend-Love-Plus-captures-hearts-in-Japan.html "Meet the men who play Love Plus, the Japanese 'virtual girlfriend' game." A Long Bet http://longbets.org/1/ "The arena for accountable predictions." Turning Test http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_test "The Turning test is a test of a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behaviour equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human." Existor - About Evie http://www.existor.com/ "Artificial Intelligence is communication. Natural language is universal." Watch More: Could You Kill a Robot? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NNLY7MhcuX0 TestTube Wild Card http://testtube.com/dnews/dnews-467-tastedifferences?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=DNews&utm_campaign=DNWC Future of AI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gPg5y0Uug0I ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni on Twitter http://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez on Twitter http://twitter.com/trace501 DNews on Facebook http://facebook.com/dnews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com
07:08
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If you're even the slightest bit familiar with pop culture from the past 50 years, you know that we've been anxiously awaiting robots to become a part of our daily lives. From R2-D2 to the Jetsons, our future robot companions promise to be helpful and handy! But many people have their concerns: will the development of artificial intelligence end up REPLACING humans in the work force, pushing already high unemployment through the roof?!?! These new laborers will likely do not just undesirable jobs (janitorial, coal mining, etc), but also the high paying premium jobs, like surgeons and lawyers. But can, or SHOULD, we stop progress? Watch the episode and tell us what you think! Music "Europe" by Roglok (http://www.roglok.net) "Carry on Carillon" by Roglok (http://www.roglok.net) "Bouncy Castle" by Roglok (http://www.roglok.net) "Squarehead" by Roglok (http://www.roglok.net) ":P" by Roglok (http://www.roglok.net) Level 5: Room for the Homeless http://www.jamendo.com/en/list/a101325/level-5 Binarpilot http://www.jamendo.com/en/track/661417/geeks Chiptune - Kenzalol https://soundcloud.com/chiptune/kenzalol TWEET OF THE WEEK: https://twitter.com/OWolfgangSmith/status/332282851867373571 Let us know what sorts of crazy ideas you have, about this episode and otherwise: Tweet at us! @pbsideachannel (yes, the longest twitter username ever) Email us! pbsideachannel [at] gmail [dot] com Idea Channel Facebook! http://Facebook.com/pbsideachannel Hosted by Mike Rugnetta (@mikerugnetta) Made by Kornhaber Brown (http://www.kornhaberbrown.com) Want some more Idea Channel? Here's Last Week's episode: "Is Sad Music Actually Sad?" http://youtu.be/bWWYE4eLEfk Want another one? Here ya go: "Is Buying Call of Duty a Moral Choice?" http://youtu.be/jeIHH0XEs6E Here's Some More: "Is Community A Postmodern Masterpiece?" http://youtu.be/YanhEVEgkYI
03:38
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Meet Vomiting Larry, the puking robot! He's been made by scientists to study one of the most contagious viruses out there- the Norovirus. Anthony shows us why Larry's work is so important... and disgusting. DNews is a show about the science of everyday life. We post new videos three times a day, every weekday. Watch More http://www.youtube.com/dnewschannel Subscribe http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzWQYUVCpZqtN93H8RR44Qw?sub_confirmation=1 DNews Twitter https://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni Twitter: https://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green Twitter https://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez Twitter https://twitter.com/trace501 DNews Facebook http://www.facebook.com/DNews DNews Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/106194964544004197170/posts DNews Website http://discoverynews.com/
03:06
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Advancements in the field of artificial intelligence are exciting, and they could make the world a better place. However, not everyone agrees with that. Tara discusses a recent article published by Stephen Hawking saying that AI could lead to the downfall of humanity. Read More: Get your tickets to DeFranco Does LA here: http://bit.ly/1gMJnB8 Stephen Hawking: 'Transcendence looks at the implications of artificial intelligence - but are we taking AI seriously enough?' http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/stephen-hawking-transcendence-looks-at-the-implications-of-artificial-intelligence--but-are-we-taking-ai-seriously-enough-9313474.html "Success in creating AI would be the biggest event in human history. Unfortunately, it might also be the last, unless we learn how to avoid the risks, says a group of leading scientists." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Tara Long on Twitter https://twitter.com/TaraLongest Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com Download the TestTube App: http://testu.be/1ndmmMq
04:16
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Don't miss new Big Think videos! Subscribe by clicking here: http://goo.gl/CPTsV5 Even if computer technology continues to double every 18 months—which is doubtful—we could put a chip in robots' brains to shut them off if they start to get murderous. Question: Do you believe in the coming singularity?Michio Kaku: There was a conference out of Sylmar that made headlines around the world.  The brightest minds of artificial intelligence converged onto Sylmar and a reporter asked them a question" "When will this fabled singularity take place?  When will the machines take over?  When will machines become smarter than us?" Well the answer was quite interesting.  Among the top people assembled in one place the answers were anything from 20 years in the future to 1,000 years in the future—with some AI experts saying never.  Some people put it at 2029.  They even give you an exact date.  2029, that's going to be the moment of truth that one day a robot will wake up, wake up in the laboratory, look around and say, "I am aware."  "I'm just as smart as you."  "In fact, I could be even smarter if I put a few more chips in my brain."  Other people say: "Not so fast, not so fast because Moore's law is going to break down."  The reason why many people are so confident about this prediction of the so called singularity is because of Moore's law that computer power doubles every 18 months and it's a curve that has held sway for 50 years.  If you go back 100 years back to the time of mechanical hand-crank computers, put that into Moore's law and you still get a nice fit, so believe it or not Moore's law has been in operation for about 100 years, going back to hand-crank calculators with computer power doubling every 18 months.  Well can this go on forever?  And the answer is no because eventually physics takes over and that is physics says that silicon is unstable at the molecular level.  Transistors get so small, so powerful and they generate so much heat that the silicon chip melts and electrons leak out because of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.  You don't know where the electron is anymore.  Therefore, we physicists are looking for replacements for silicon.  The post-silicon era will be about 10 to 15 years in the future.  Silicon Valley could become a rust belt.  Think about it, every Christmas your PCs, your computers, your gadgets will be just as powerful as they were the previous year and then the question is are you going to buy?  Are you going to buy any more computer products for Christmastime knowing that they're just as powerful as they were the previous year?  Probably not. Which means that the computer industry could begin to shake as a consequence. So we physicists are looking at optical computers, quantum computers, DNA computers, protein computers, all sorts of different kinds of architecture down to the molecular, down to the atomic, down to the microscopic realm, but none of them are ready for primetime yet. So my answer is I don't know.   All I'm saying is there is vast uncertainties in projecting Moore's law into the future.  However, I would say by end of the century it is definitely conceivable that if we work out the technical problems we might be able to create machines that are as smart as us.  Right now our machines are as smart as insects.  Eventually they'll be smart as mice.  After that they'll be smart as dogs and cats.  Probably by the end of the century, who knows, they'll be as smart as monkeys.  At that point they could become potentially dangerous because monkeys can formulate their own plans.  They don't have to listen to you.  They can formulate their own strategies, their own goals and I would say therefore at that point let's put a chip in their brain to shut them off if they get murderous thoughts.  Isaac Asimov advocated something like that with his "Three Laws."  I say hey, put a chip in their brain to shut them off if they start to get murderous. Recorded on September 29, 2010 Interviewed by Paul Hoffman
03:45
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If a robot begged for mercy, could you still "kill" it? In a modern-day interpretation of the of the famous Milgram Experiments, scientists from the University of Canterbury see how close people will go when told to "kill." Listen to the NPR Story: http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/01/28/170272582/do-we-treat-our-gadgets-like-they-re-human Anthony's video: can we recreate the human mind in a computer? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Azxfi_PKqkg&list=UUzWQYUVCpZqtN93H8RR44Qw&index=22 DNews is a show about the science of everyday life. We post two new videos every day of the week. Watch More http://www.youtube.com/dnewschannel Subscribe http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzWQYUVCpZqtN93H8RR44Qw?sub_confirmation=1 DNews Twitter https://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni Twitter: https://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green Twitter https://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez Twitter https://twitter.com/trace501 DNews Facebook http://www.facebook.com/DNews DNews Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/106194964544004197170/posts DNews Website http://discoverynews.com/
01:27:17
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The video starts at 04:26. From robotic scouting missions, to space station construction, to opening the planetary frontiers, there has been a growing relationship between robots and humans. The first robotic scouts to the Moon answered key science and engineering questions, paving the path for the Apollo landings. Now Mars is under the robotic magnifying glass, both from orbit and from its surface. The International Space Station was constructed using robotic arms and manipulators, as well as space walks. The next generation of human explorers will have the advantage of even more capable robotic aids and support systems. This talk explores the evolving nature of the relationship between humans and robots engaged in the exploration of space. Speaker: Mr. Brian Wilcox Manager of Space Robotics Technology, Solar System Exploration Directorate Release Date: 19 July 2012 NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory invites you to watch live and chat about everything from Mars rovers to monitoring asteroids to cool cosmic discoveries. From the lab to the lecture hall, get information directly from scientists and engineers working on NASA's latest missions. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov A von Kármán Lecture (2012) Credit: NASA JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
02:53
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Subscribe to Talk Nerdy To Me Today: http://bit.ly/13pYPNQ Watch More Talk Nerdy to Me Here: http://bit.ly/XFlOAo HuffPost Tech Executive Editor Bianca Bosker explores the evolving relationship between robots and humans, and what the future holds. HuffPost Science invites you to going the discussion with top scientists covering the latest news in spaceflight, brain/body research, evolution, and the influence of science on culture. HuffPost Science video property is a part of the AOL On Network. Leave us a comment on any Aol video with your thoughts, feedback, and perspective! More Talk Nerdy To Me Read: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/talk-nerdy-to-me Follow: http://www.twitter.com/CaraSantaMaria Like: http://www.facebook.com/sciencecara More HuffPost Science Read: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/science/ Like: http://www.facebook.com/HuffPostScience Follow: http://en.twitter.com/HuffPostScience
04:16
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Don't miss new Big Think videos! Subscribe by clicking here: http://goo.gl/CPTsV5 Even if computer technology continues to double every 18 months—which is doubtful—we could put a chip in robots' brains to shut them off if they start to get murderous. Question: Do you believe in the coming singularity?Michio Kaku: There was a conference out of Sylmar that made headlines around the world.  The brightest minds of artificial intelligence converged onto Sylmar and a reporter asked them a question" "When will this fabled singularity take place?  When will the machines take over?  When will machines become smarter than us?" Well the answer was quite interesting.  Among the top people assembled in one place the answers were anything from 20 years in the future to 1,000 years in the future—with some AI experts saying never.  Some people put it at 2029.  They even give you an exact date.  2029, that's going to be the moment of truth that one day a robot will wake up, wake up in the laboratory, look around and say, "I am aware."  "I'm just as smart as you."  "In fact, I could be even smarter if I put a few more chips in my brain."  Other people say: "Not so fast, not so fast because Moore's law is going to break down."  The reason why many people are so confident about this prediction of the so called singularity is because of Moore's law that computer power doubles every 18 months and it's a curve that has held sway for 50 years.  If you go back 100 years back to the time of mechanical hand-crank computers, put that into Moore's law and you still get a nice fit, so believe it or not Moore's law has been in operation for about 100 years, going back to hand-crank calculators with computer power doubling every 18 months.  Well can this go on forever?  And the answer is no because eventually physics takes over and that is physics says that silicon is unstable at the molecular level.  Transistors get so small, so powerful and they generate so much heat that the silicon chip melts and electrons leak out because of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle.  You don't know where the electron is anymore.  Therefore, we physicists are looking for replacements for silicon.  The post-silicon era will be about 10 to 15 years in the future.  Silicon Valley could become a rust belt.  Think about it, every Christmas your PCs, your computers, your gadgets will be just as powerful as they were the previous year and then the question is are you going to buy?  Are you going to buy any more computer products for Christmastime knowing that they're just as powerful as they were the previous year?  Probably not. Which means that the computer industry could begin to shake as a consequence. So we physicists are looking at optical computers, quantum computers, DNA computers, protein computers, all sorts of different kinds of architecture down to the molecular, down to the atomic, down to the microscopic realm, but none of them are ready for primetime yet. So my answer is I don't know.   All I'm saying is there is vast uncertainties in projecting Moore's law into the future.  However, I would say by end of the century it is definitely conceivable that if we work out the technical problems we might be able to create machines that are as smart as us.  Right now our machines are as smart as insects.  Eventually they'll be smart as mice.  After that they'll be smart as dogs and cats.  Probably by the end of the century, who knows, they'll be as smart as monkeys.  At that point they could become potentially dangerous because monkeys can formulate their own plans.  They don't have to listen to you.  They can formulate their own strategies, their own goals and I would say therefore at that point let's put a chip in their brain to shut them off if they get murderous thoughts.  Isaac Asimov advocated something like that with his "Three Laws."  I say hey, put a chip in their brain to shut them off if they start to get murderous. Recorded on September 29, 2010 Interviewed by Paul Hoffman

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